Supporting struggling students: Prevention and early intervention with Success for All

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It was investigated whether the American program Success for All (SfA) could improve the reading outcomes and behavioral engagement of struggling students in the Netherlands. Earlier studies have shown that investment in prevention and early intervention pays off. In a systematic review, it was found that effective programs like SfA can even reduce the number of special education assignments. The aim of SfA is to ensure that all students experience success in learning. To achieve this, several evidence-based strategies are combined. Dutch and American teachers who were interviewed, valued the integrated approach to reading/language, the books, the cooperative learning activities and tutoring as effective features of SfA for struggling students. However, teachers also mentioned that they sometimes found it difficult to balance between the scriptedness of SfA and the need for flexibility in the support of struggling students. With regard to effects of SfA in the Netherlands, we found in the first cohort that first grade students at SfA-schools had significantly better reading comprehension skills than students at control schools. In the second cohort, no significant effect of SfA on reading comprehension was found. No significant effects of SfA on the other reading outcomes and behavioral engagement were found either. It is important to keep in mind that all studies were conducted during the first years of SfA in the Netherlands. The studies in this dissertation showed that there was room for improvement in the implementation of the program.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Groningen
  • Bosker, Roel, Supervisor
  • Doolaard, Simone, Co-supervisor
  • Warrens, Matthijs J., Co-supervisor
Award date7-Jun-2021
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Print ISBNs978-90-6690-577-1
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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