Supramolecular Route to Well-Ordered Metal Nanofoams

Ivana Vukovic, Sergey Punzhin, Zorica Vukovic, Patrick Onck, Jeff Th M. De Hosson, Gerrit ten Brinke*, Katja Loos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metal nanofoams with a porosity above 50% v/v have recently attracted great. Interest In materials science due to their interesting properties.. We.. demonstrate a new straightforward route to prepare such nanofoams using diblock copolymer-based PS-block-P4VP-(PDP) supramolecules that self-assemble Into a bicontinuous gyroid morphology, consisting of PS network channels in a P4VP(PDP) matrix. After dissolving the PDP, the P4VP. collapses onto the PS struts and a free-standing bicontinuous. gyroid template of 50-100 mu m thickness and interconnected, uniformly sized pores Is formed. The hydrophilic P4VP corona facilitates the penetration of water-based plating reagents into the porous template and enables a successful metal deposition. After plating, the polymer is simply degraded by heating, resulting In a well-ordered inverse gyroid nickel-foam. Essential to this approach Is the removal of only one part of the matrix (i.e., PDP). Therefore, the template accounts for 50% v/v or more. The porosity characteristics (amount, size of pores) can be tuned by selecting the appropriate copolymer and by adjusting the amount of PDP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6339-6348
Number of pages10
JournalAcs Nano
Volume5
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2011

Keywords

  • metal nanofoams
  • nanopores
  • diblock copolymers
  • supramolecules
  • metal plating
  • BLOCK-COPOLYMERS
  • THIN-FILMS
  • DIBLOCK COPOLYMERS
  • STRONG SEGREGATION
  • SURFACE-STRESS
  • POLYSTYRENE
  • MORPHOLOGY
  • TEMPLATES
  • PHASE
  • NANOCHANNELS

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