The extracellular presence of adenosine polyphosphatase was investigated in a number of rat tissues. The enzyme was demonstrated in basement membranes of epithelial cells of duodenum, urinary bladder, tongue, choroid plexus, submandibular salivary gland, lung and kidney, as well as in basement membranes of capillaries in these tissues. Furthermore adenosine polyphosphatase was demonstrated on collagen fibrils and in the cytoplasm of fibroblasts of all investigated tissues. It appears that the presence of adenosine polyphosphatase in basement membranes is a widespread phenomenon. Since extracellular ADP and ATP are known to promote respectively platelet aggregation and inflammation, the presence of extracellular ADP and ATP-hydrolyzing activity might contribute to inhibit these processes.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|