Sweet Temptations: How Does Reading a Fotonovela About Diabetes Affect Dutch Adults with Different Levels of Literacy?

Ruth Koops van 't Jagt*, John C. J. Hoeks, Evelien Duizer, Melvin Baron, Gregory B. Molina, Jennifer B. Unger, Carel J. M. Jansen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Recent studies suggest that health-related fotonovelas-booklets that portray a dramatic story using photographs and captions-may be effective health communication tools, especially for readers with a low level of literacy. In this experiment, effects on knowledge and behavioral intentions were assessed of a fotonovela originally developed for a Latin-American audience. Dutch readers from a low literacy group (N = 89) and a high literacy group (N = 113) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a fotonovela condition (all captions translated into Dutch), a traditional brochure condition (also in Dutch), and a control condition. On knowledge about diabetes, participants in the fotonovela condition outperformed participants in both other conditions. This finding was consistent across literacy levels. On behavioral intentions, however, readers of the fotonovela did not score significantly higher than participants in the other conditions. We also evaluated hypotheses proposed in the Entertainment Overcoming Resistance Model (EORM; Moyer-Guse, 2008) on the possible mechanisms underlying persuasion through narratives. No support was found for the mechanisms proposed in the EORM. The outcomes of this study suggest that a fotonovela may be a valuable health education format for adults with varying levels of literacy, even if it was developed for a target group with a different cultural background.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)284-290
    Number of pages7
    JournalHealth Communication
    Volume33
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Keywords

    • AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN
    • NARRATIVE PERSUASION
    • HEALTH LITERACY
    • ENTERTAINMENT-EDUCATION
    • OUTCOMES
    • MESSAGES
    • IDENTIFICATION
    • INTERVENTIONS
    • COMMUNICATION
    • INTENTIONS

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