The effects of sympathoadrenal manipulations on the exercise-induced alterations in blood glucose, plasma free fatty acids (FFA), and insulin were investigated in intact and adrenodemedullated rats. Exercise consisted of strenuous swimming against a countercurrent for 15 min. Before, during, and after swimming, blood samples were taken through a permanent heart catheter. Adrenodemedullation (Adm) markedly reduced the exercise-induced increase in both glucose and FFA. This effect was counteracted by intravenous infusion of epinephrine (E, 20 ng/min). Intravenous infusion of 50 ng E/min into Adm rats caused an exaggerated increase in glucose. In two additional experiments 1) specific adrenoceptor agonists and antagonists were administered to exercising intact and Adm rats, and 2) E or norepinephrine (NE; 20 ng/min) was infused into intact resting rats. The results suggest that E from the adrenal medulla directly affects glucose and insulin but not FFA concentrations in the blood. NE released from peripheral sympathetic nerve endings probably acts in two different ways: as neurotransmitter on liver and pancreas and as a hormone on adipose tissue.
|Journal||The American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
- adrenergic agonists and antagonists
- adrenal medulla, sympathetic nerve endings