Synthesis, structural analysis and dielectric properties of the double-layer Aurivillius compound Pb1-2xBi1.5+2xLa0.5Nb2-xMnxO9

Tio Putra Wendari, Syukri Arief, Nandang Mufti, Veinardi Suendo, Anton Prasetyo, [No Value] Ismunandar, Jacob Baas, Graeme R. Blake, [No Value] Zulhadjri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The double-layer Aurivillius phases Pb1-2xBi1.5+2xLa0.5Nb2-xMnxO9 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.3, and 0.5) were synthesized by a molten salt method using a mixture of K2SO4 /Na2SO4. The effect of composition on the structure, morphology and dielectric properties was investigated. X-ray diffraction showed that single-phase samples with a non-polar, orthorhombic A2(1)am structure were obtained for x = 0, 0.1 and 0.3. The unit cell becomes more orthorhombic with increasing x as the degree of distortion of the BO6 octahedra in the perovskite layer increases. Raman spectroscopy showed the typical modes of the orthorhombic double-layer Aurivillius structure and indicated that the La3+ ions prefer to occupy the perovskite A-site, Mn3+ occupies the B-site, and the Pb2+ ions are found in the Bi2O2 layer. The morphology of the samples was probed by scanning electron microscopy, which showed anisotropic, plate-like crystallites that increased in size with increasing x. The dielectric constant significantly increased with x, and the ferroelectric properties became more relaxor-like.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17276-17282
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Volume45
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Oct-2019

Keywords

  • Double-layer Aurivillius phase
  • Molten salt method
  • Dielectric properties
  • Anisotropic morphology
  • Relaxor ferroelectric
  • Raman analysis
  • FERROELECTRIC PROPERTIES
  • ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES
  • PIEZOELECTRIC PROPERTIES
  • CATION DISORDER
  • SOLID-STATE
  • CERAMICS
  • PHASES
  • SUBSTITUTION
  • SRBI2NB2O9
  • BEHAVIOR

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