Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of Rare-Earth Metallocene η3-Propargyl/Allenyl Complexes

Victor F. Quiroga Norambuena, André Heeres, Hero J. Heeres, Auke Meetsma, Jan H. Teuben, Bart Hessen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
677 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The reaction of the alkyl complexes Cp*2LnCH(SiMe3)2 (Ln = Y, Ce, La; Cp* = η5-C5Me5) and Me2Si(η5-C5Me4)2LnCH(SiMe3)2 (Ln = Ce) with 1-methylalk-2-ynes CH3C≡CR (R = Me 3a, Et 3b, nPr 3c, tBu 3d, SiMe3 3e, Ph 3f, C6H4Me-2 3g, C6H3Me2-2,6 3h, C6H3iPr2-2,6 3i, C6F5 3j) affords the corresponding η3-propargyl/allenyl complexes Cp*2LnCH2CCR (4a-j-Ln) and Me2Si(η5-C5Me4)2CeCH2CCR via propargylic metalation. The hydride complexes [Cp*2Ln(µ-H)]2 (Ln = Y, Ce, La) react rapidly with 3 to produce mixtures of insertion and propargylic metalation products, and the relative rate of these processes depends on the metal and alkyne substituent. Selected η3-propargyl/allenyl complexes Cp*2YCH2CCR (R = Me 4a-Y, Ph 4f-Y), Cp*2CeCH2CCR (R = Me 4a-Ce, Ph 4f-Ce), Cp*2CeCH(Me)CCEt, Cp*2LaCH2CCR (R = Ph 4f-La, C6H3Me2-2,6 4h-La) are obtained on a preparative scale and characterized by NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, and cryoscopy. Compounds 4f-Y and 4f-La are also characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The reactions of the η3-propargyl/allenyl complexes with Brønsted acids, such as alcohols and acetylenes, afford the corresponding substituted allenes (RCH=C=CH2) and 1-methylalk-2-ynes (CH3C≡CR) as organic products. The reactions of 4f-Y and 4f-La with Lewis bases, such as pyridine and THF, yield the corresponding base adducts. The adduct 4f-La · py is characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, revealing an η3-coordinated propargyl/allenyl ligand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5672-5683
Number of pages12
JournalOrganometallics
Volume27
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-Nov-2008

Keywords

  • ALLENYL-PROPARGYLLITHIUM REAGENTS
  • C-H ACTIVATION
  • ORGANOLANTHANIDE-CATALYZED HYDROAMINATION
  • UNPROTECTED AMINO OLEFINS
  • TERMINAL ALKYNES
  • ASYMMETRIC CATALYSIS
  • LANTHANIDE COMPLEXES
  • PERMETHYLYTTROCENE DERIVATIVES
  • STEREOCONTROLLED SYNTHESIS
  • CYCLOPENTADIENYL LIGANDS

Cite this