TB therapeutic drug monitoring - analysis of opportunities in Romania and Ukraine

I Margineanu, T Butnaru, F Gafar, D Baiceanu, R Dragomir, I Semianiv, F Mihaltan, I Munteanu, B Mahler, L Todoriko, S Margineanu, O Akkerman, Y Stienstra, J-W C Alffenaar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) could improve TB treatment outcomes by avoiding drug toxicity or underdosing. In this study, we describe the patient burden in three TB centres in Romania and Ukraine with a TDM indication, as per the current guidelines, in order to estimate the feasibility of implementing TDM. METHODS: A retrospective multi-centre study was conducted at the Iasi Lung Hospital (Iasi, Romania), Bucharest Marius Nasta Institute (Bucharest, Romania) and Chernivtsi TB Centre (Chernivtsi, Ukraine) in adult hospitalised TB patients. RESULTS: A total of 927 participants were admitted, of whom 37.8% had at least one indication for TDM, the most frequent being slow response to TB treatment (202/345, 58.6%); 55.5% had at least one cavity present on chest X-ray. Patients with a TDM indication stayed in the hospital for a median of 67 days and took on average 2 months more to reach a successful TB outcome. CONCLUSION: TDM could be a valuable tool to improve management of selected TB patients. The decision on whether to perform TDM is often delayed by 2 months due to waiting for culture results after treatment initiation. A randomised control trial should be performed in order to define TDM's precise role in TB therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-821
Number of pages6
JournalThe international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Nov-2023

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Tuberculosis/drug therapy
  • Drug Monitoring/methods
  • Romania
  • Ukraine
  • Retrospective Studies

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