Technology transfer and defence sector dynamics: the case of the Netherlands

Mustafa Ali Sezal*, Francesco Giumelli

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    State defence and security policies rely mostly on their military
    capabilities. The latter are ensured through research and
    development (R&D) as well as procurement, which are subject to
    defence industry dynamics. Furthermore the defence sector is
    heavily dependent on public funds; the latter can be more easily
    allocated if related R&D has a spill-over effect on the civilian sector,
    creating the potential for a bigger and more globally (or regionally)
    integrated market. This article investigates, then, how technology
    moves, and whether defence sector innovations create spin-offs in
    the civilian sector in the Netherlands. We aim to provide an
    industry-centred perspective on defence sector dynamics and
    potentials. For this, the article attempts to answer the following
    questions: Are defence technologies transferred to the civilian
    sector? What lessons can be derived from the Dutch case? To
    address these research puzzles the article’s theoretical framework
    builds on the technology-transfer literature in analysing the case
    study of the Netherlands. The basis for this is 23 interviews with
    representatives of Dutch defence companies that were carried out
    both in a workshop and in one-to-one settings in May and June 2020.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages18
    JournalEuropean Security
    Early online date1-Feb-2022
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1-Feb-2022


    • technology transfer
    • defence industry
    • spin-in
    • spin-off
    • dual-use

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