Telomere length and dynamics predict mortality in a wild longitudinal study

Emma L. B. Barrett, Terry A. Burke, Martijn Hammers, Jan Komdeur, David S. Richardson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Explaining variation in life expectancy between individuals of the same age is fundamental to our understanding of population ecology and life history evolution. Variation in the length and rate of loss of the protective telomere chromosome caps has been linked to cellular lifespan. Yet, the extent to which telomere length and dynamics predict organismal lifespan in nature is still contentious. Using longitudinal samples taken from a closed population of Acrocephalus sechellensis (Seychelles warblers) studied for over 20 similar to years, we describe the first study into life-long adult telomere dynamics (117 similar to years) and their relationship to mortality under natural conditions (n similar to=similar to 204 individuals). We show that telomeres shorten with increasing age and body mass, and that shorter telomeres and greater rates of telomere shortening predicted future mortality. Our results provide the first clear and unambiguous evidence of a relationship between telomere length and mortality in the wild, and substantiate the prediction that telomere length and shortening rate can act as an indicator of biological age further to chronological age when exploring life history questions in natural conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-259
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Ecology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2013

Keywords

  • ageing
  • life history evolution
  • lifespan
  • Seychelles warbler
  • senescence
  • telomere shortening
  • WARBLER ACROCEPHALUS-SECHELLENSIS
  • CHRONIC OXIDATIVE STRESS
  • SEYCHELLES WARBLER
  • QUANTITATIVE PCR
  • LIFE-SPAN
  • TERRITORY QUALITY
  • AGE
  • SENESCENCE
  • LONGEVITY
  • POPULATIONS

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