The 2022 European postgraduate (residency) programme in neurology in a historical and international perspective

Claudio L.A. Bassetti*, Riccardo Soffietti, David B. Vodušek, Benedikt Schoser, Jan B.M. Kuks, Martin Rakusa, Patrick Cras, Paul A.J.M. Boon

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Background and purpose: Neurology residency programmes, which were first established at the beginning of the 20th century, have become mandatory all over Europe in the last 40–50 years. The first European Training Requirements in Neurology (ETRN) were published in 2005 and first updated in 2016. This paper reports the most recent revisions of the ETRN.

    Methods: Members of the EAN board performed an in depth revision of the ETNR 2016-version, which was reviewed by members of the European Board and Section of Neurology of the UEMS, the Education and Scientific Panels, the Resident and Research Fellow Section and the Board of the EAN, as well as the presidents of the 47 European National Societies.

    Results: The new (2022) ETRN suggest a 5-year training subdivided in three phases: a first phase (2 years) of general neurology training, a second phase (2 years) of training in neurophysiology/neurological subspecialties and a third phase (1 year) to expand clinical training (e.g., in other neurodisciplines) or for research (path for clinical neuroscientist). The necessary theoretical and clinical competences as well as learning objectives in diagnostic tests have been updated, are newly organized in four levels and include 19 neurological subspecialties. Finally, the new ETRN require, in addition to a programme director, a team of clinician-educators who regularly review the resident's progress.

    The 2022 update of the ETRN reflects emerging requirements for the practice of neurology and contributes to the international standardization of training necessary for the increasing needs of residents and specialists across Europe.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9-Jun-2023


    • EAN
    • education
    • European
    • neurology
    • residents
    • standardization
    • training

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