The association between the early motor repertoire and language development in term children born after normal pregnancy

Sahar Salavati*, Christa Einspieler, Giulia Vagelli, Dajie Zhang, Jasmin Pansy, Johannes G. M. Burgerhof, Peter B. Marschik, Arend F. Bos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The assessment of the early motor repertoire is a widely used method for assessing the infant's neurological status.

Aim: To determine the association between the early motor repertoire and language development.

Study design: Prospective cohort study.

Subjects: 22 term children born after normal pregnancy; video recorded for the assessment of the early motor repertoire including their motor optimality score (MOS), according to Prechtl, at 3 and 5 months post term.

Outcome measures: At 4 years 7 months and 10 years 5 months, we tested the children's language performance by administering three tests for expressive language and two for receptive language.

Results: Smooth and fluent movements at 3 months of age was associated with better expressive language outcome at both 4 years 7 months and 10 years 5 months (betas 0.363 and 0.628). A higher MOS at 5 months was associated with better expressive language at both ages (betas 0.486 and 0.628). The item postural patterns at 5 months was the only aspect associated with poorer expressive language outcome (beta - 0.677).

Conclusion: Predominantly, qualitative aspects of the early motor repertoire at the age of 3 and 5 months are associated with language development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2017

Keywords

  • Early motor repertoire
  • General movements
  • Language development
  • Expressive language
  • Receptive language
  • Healthy term-born children
  • SCHOOL-AGE
  • PRETERM INFANTS
  • GENERAL MOVEMENTS
  • CEREBRAL-PALSY
  • RISK-INFANTS
  • DYSFUNCTION
  • BEHAVIOR
  • OUTCOMES
  • QUALITY

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