The Associations of Affection and Rejection During Adolescence with Interpersonal Functioning in Young Adulthood: A Macro- and Micro-Level Investigation Using the TRAILS TRANS-ID Study

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Abstract

Affection and rejection in close relationships during adolescence are thought to impact adult interpersonal functioning, but few studies focused on how the quality of adolescents' relationships with different people (e.g. parents, peers, and teachers) impacts the daily, micro-level social experiences as well as general, macro-level interpersonal functioning in young adulthood. The present study investigated the associations between: (i) parental, teacher and peer affection and rejection during adolescence and macro-level (over several months) interpersonal functioning as well as different patterns (i.e. mean, variability and inertia) of micro-level (daily social experiences) during young adulthood; (ii) macro-level interpersonal functioning and the patterns of micro-level social experiences during young adulthood. The sample consisted of N = 122 (43% female) youth. At 11.2 +/- 0.4 and 16.0 +/- 0.6 years old, self- and other-reported parental, peer and teacher affection and rejection were assessed. At 23.7 +/- 0.6 years old, participants reported daily social experiences and interpersonal functioning across six months. The results suggested that: (i) higher teacher-reported peer rejection was associated with lower macro-level interpersonal functioning, higher means and higher variability in negative social experiences during adulthood; (ii) higher macro-level interpersonal functioning during young adulthood was associated with higher means and lower inertia in positive and lower variability in negative daily social experiences. These findings indicate that the affection and rejection during adolescence impact interpersonal functioning at macro- and micro-level during adulthood. The present study also shows distinct associations between macro-level interpersonal functioning and dynamics in daily social experiences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2130-2145
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume51
Issue number11
Early online date19-Jul-2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2022

Keywords

  • INDIVIDUAL-LIVES SURVEY
  • COHORT PROFILE
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • PEER
  • LIFE
  • VARIABILITY
  • ACCEPTANCE
  • DEPRESSION
  • CLASSROOM
  • INTERVIEW

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