THE CATALYTIC DOMAIN OF THE DIHYDROLIPOYL TRANSACETYLASE COMPONENT OF THE PYRUVATE-DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX FROM AZOTOBACTER-VINELANDII AND ESCHERICHIA-COLI - EXPRESSION, PURIFICATION, PROPERTIES AND PRELIMINARY-X-RAY ANALYSIS

E SCHULZE, AH WESTPHAL, G OBMOLOVA, A MATTEVI, WGJ HOL, A DEKOK

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Abstract

Partial sequences of the dihydrolipoyl transacetylase component (E2p) of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex from Azotobacter vinelandii and Escherichia coli, containing the catalytic domain, were cloned in pUC plasmids and over-expressed in E. coli TG2. A high expression of a homogeneous protein was only detectable for E2p mutants consisting of the catalytic domain and the alanine-proline-rich sequence between a putative binding region for the peripheral components and the catalytic domain (apa-4). Most of the catalytic domain from A. vinelandii without the apa-4 sequence was degraded intracellularly, probably due to incorrect folding.

Fusion proteins of six amino acids from beta-galactosidase, the apa-4 region and the catalytic domains of A. vinelandii or E. coli E2p could be highly purified. Both catalytic domains were assembled in 24-subunit structures with a molecular mass of approximately 670 kDa. The expression of catalytic domain from A. vinelandii E2p is more than twice as high as found for wild-type E2p. This can be explained by intracellular degradation of over-expressed wild-type E2p, whereas the catalytic domains are stable against proteolysis in vivo and in vitro.

The interaction of the peripheral components pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1p) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3) with the catalytic domains was studied, using gel filtration on Superose-6 and sedimentation velocity experiments. No binding of either E1p or E3 to the catalytic domain of either organism was detectable.

Crystals of the catalytic domain of A. vinelandii E2p could be grown to a maximum size of 0.6 x 0.6 x 0.4 mm. They diffract up to a resolution of 0.28 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-568
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume201
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1-Nov-1991

Keywords

  • SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS
  • LIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE
  • NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE
  • CHLORAMPHENICOL ACETYLTRANSFERASE
  • ACYLTRANSFERASE COMPONENTS
  • MOLECULAR-CLONING
  • GENE
  • SUBUNIT
  • MUTAGENESIS
  • PROTEIN

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