The collaboration between interest groups and political parties in multi-party democracies: Party system dynamics and the effect of power and ideology

Simon Otjes, Anne Rasmussen

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    Abstract

    Whereas many advanced democracies have a long-standing tradition of collaboration between parties and interest groups, it is still contested what drives such collaboration. Linking data on political parties with survey data from over 750 Danish and Dutch interest groups we find evidence of groups focusing on collaboration with large and ideologically moderate parties in both systems. However, our findings also indicate that the importance of power and ideology for interest group-party collaboration is conditioned by crucial aspects of the institutional context in which such collaboration occurs related to party system dynamics and coalition governance. In Denmark, where governments tend to alternate between left and right, collaboration between parties and interest groups is more likely to follow a similar left-right division. In contrast, such collaboration is more likely to reflect a division between core and marginal parties in the Netherlands, where change in government composition is typically only partial.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)96–109
    Number of pages14
    JournalParty Politics
    Volume23
    Issue number2
    Early online date29-Jan-2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1-Mar-2017

    Keywords

    • Coalition government
    • interest groups
    • left-right politics
    • legislative strength

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