The combination of vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids has an enhanced anti-inflammatory effect on microglia

E. Kurtys, U. L. M. Eisel, J. M. Verkuyl, L. M. Broersen, R. A. J. O. Dierckx, E. F. J. de Vries*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neuroinflammation is a common phenomenon in the pathology of many brain diseases. In this paper we explore whether selected vitamins and fatty acids known to modulate inflammation exert an effect on microglia, the key cell type involved in neuroinflammation. Previously these nutrients have been shown to exert anti-inflammatory properties acting on specific inflammatory pathways. We hypothesized that combining nutrients acting on converging anti-inflammatory pathways may lead to enhanced anti-inflammatory properties as compared to the action of a single nutrient. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of combinations of nutrients based on the ability to inhibit the LPS-induced release of nitric oxide and interleukin-6 from BV-2 cells. Results show that omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins A and D can individually reduce the LPS-induced secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines by By 2 cells. Moreover, we show that vitamins A, D and omega-3 fatty acids (docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic) at concentrations where they individually had little effect, significantly reduced the secretion of the inflammatory mediator, nitric oxide, when they were combined. The conclusion of this study is that combining different nutrients acting on convergent anti-inflammatory pathways may result in an increased anti-inflammatory efficacy. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-214
Number of pages9
JournalNeurochemistry International
Volume99
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2016

Keywords

  • Neuroinflammation
  • Microglia
  • Retinoic acid receptor alpha
  • Nutrition
  • Vitamins
  • Fatty acids
  • TRANS-RETINOIC ACID
  • ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE
  • NITRIC-OXIDE PRODUCTION
  • KAPPA-B KINASE
  • DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID
  • CYTOKINE PRODUCTION
  • MEDITERRANEAN DIET
  • BV-2 MICROGLIA
  • BV2 MICROGLIA
  • RECEPTOR

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