The conservation and population status of the world’s waders at the turn of the millennium

David A. Stroud, A. Baker, D.E. Blanco, N.C. Davidson, S. Delany, B. Ganter, R. Gill, P. González, L. Haanstra, R.I.G. Morrison, T. Piersma, D.A. Scott, O. Thorup, R. West, J. Wilson, C. Zöckler

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Using information from many sources, but especially data collated for the third edition of Wetlands International’s Waterbird Population Estimates, we review the status of the world’s waders in the late 1990s. There are widespread declines in most regions and biotopes caused principally by loss and degradation of wetland (and other) habitats. On different flyways, between 33% and 68% of populations are in decline, compared with only 0% to 29% increasing. Non-migratory, island species have especially poor status, with about half of all island waders being globally threatened with extinction. Of particular conservation concern is the declining environmental status of several key staging areas, which provide energetic ‘spring-boards’ for long-distance migrants. The degradation of these areas compromises the status of many migrant waders. The rapid collapse of populations, forced below threshold levels, has been predicted theoretically, and now appears to be occurring in a number of rapidly declining populations. Conservation responses must urgently address causes of wetland loss and degradation, as well as enhancing monitoring and research so as better to inform appropriate conservation policies. National and international strategies and conservation instruments have scope to help, but need to be much more strategic in their implementation so as to address root causes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWaterbirds around the world
Subtitle of host publicationA global overview of the conservation, management and research of the world's waterbird flyways
EditorsG.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith, D.A. Stroud
Place of PublicationEdinburgh, UK
PublisherThe Stationary Office
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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