The Continental Divide? Economic Exposure to Brexit in Regions and Countries on Both Sides of The Channel

Wen Chen, Bart Los, Philip McCann, Raquel Ortega Argiles, Mark Thissen, Frank van Oort

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In this paper we employ an extension of the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) with regional detail for EU countries to study the degree to which EU regions and countries are exposed to negative trade-related consequences of Brexit. We develop an index of this exposure, which incorporates all effects due to geographically fragmented production processes within the UK, the EU and beyond. Our findings demonstrate that UK regions are far more exposed than regions in other countries. Only regions in the Republic of Ireland face exposure levels similar to some UK regions, while the next most affected regions are in Germany, The Netherlands, Belgium and France. This imbalance may influence the outcomes of the negotiations between the UK and the EU.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-54
JournalPapers in Regional Science
Early online date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Brexit
  • input-output analysis
  • regional differences
  • trade
  • value chains

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