The Developmental Potential of iPSCs Is Greatly Influenced by Reprogramming Factor Selection

Yosef Buganim*, Styliani Markoulaki, Niek van Wietmarschen, Heather Hoke, Tao Wu, Kibibi Ganz, Batool Akhtar-Zaidi, Yupeng He, Brian J. Abraham, David Porubsky, Elisabeth Kulenkampff, Dina A. Faddah, Linyu Shi, Qing Gao, Sovan Sarkar, Malkiel Cohen, Johanna Goldmann, Joseph R. Nery, Matthew D. Schultz, Joseph R. EckerAndrew Xiao, Richard A. Young, Peter M. Lansdorp, Rudolf Jaenisch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are commonly generated by transduction of Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and Myc (OSKM) into cells. Although iPSCs are pluripotent, they frequently exhibit high variation in terms of quality, as measured in mice by chimera contribution and tetraploid complementation. Reliably high-quality iPSCs will be needed for future therapeutic applications. Here, we show that one major determinant of iPSC quality is the combination of reprogramming factors used. Based on tetraploid complementation, we found that ectopic expression of Sall4, Nanog, Esrrb, and Lin28 (SNEL) in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) generated high-quality iPSCs more efficiently than other combinations of factors including OSKM. Although differentially methylated regions, transcript number of master regulators, establishment of specific superenhancers, and global aneuploidy were comparable between high- and low-quality lines, aberrant gene expression, trisomy of chromosome 8, and abnormal H2A. X deposition were distinguishing features that could potentially also be applicable to human.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-309
Number of pages15
JournalCell stem cell
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4-Sep-2014

Keywords

  • PLURIPOTENT STEM-CELLS
  • ES CELLS
  • TETRAPLOID COMPLEMENTATION
  • C-MYC
  • EPIGENETIC MEMORY
  • SUPER-ENHANCERS
  • TRANSGENIC MICE
  • SINGLE-CELLS
  • COPY NUMBER
  • DNA-DAMAGE

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