The effect of contextual, personal and curricular factors on students’ engagement

Mercedes Inda Caro, Carmen-Maria Fernandez-Garcia, Ridwan Maulana, Maria-Paulina Vinuela-Hernandez

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Abstract

Introduction: Students’ engagement, defined as the behavioural and emotional actions developed by students towards academic tasks, is influenced among other factors by contextual factors (e.g. the school or the geographic context) personal variables (e.g. teachers’ and students’ gender or teachers’ teaching experience) or curricular variables (e.g. subjects or educational level). The main aim of this study was the analysis of the effect of the already mentioned three groups of variables on students’ engagement. Methodology: 7,114 students reported their perceptions about 410 teachers from 56 schools located in three different Spanish autonomous communities. The influence of the following variables on students’ behavioural and emotional engagement has been analysed: teachers’ teaching behaviour, school, autonomous community, teachers’ and students’ gender, teachers’ teaching experience, subject and educational level. A multivariate analysis of variance and the analysis of effect sizes have been run to determine the influence of the predictor variables on criterion variables. Results: Teachers’ gender and the autonomous community did not seem to have any influence on students’ engagement (neither behavioural nor emotional one). On the other hand, the school variable demonstrated the highest effect size for students’ engagement, biasing the effect of subjects on students’ behavioural and emotional engagement. Regarding the influence of subjects, the lowest effect size on students’ engagement has been found in exact and applied sciences and the highest effect has been obtained in vocational education and training subjects. Discussion: Current findings revealed the need to consider the analysis of students’ behavioural and emotional engagement separately. In addition, this study has shown interesting differences between instrumental and vocational education and training subjects.
Translated title of the contributionThe effect of contextual, personal and curricular factors on students’ engagement
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)173-198
Number of pages26
JournalRevista de Educación,
Volume391
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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