Background and purpose: To retrospectively report changes in gross tumor volume (GTV) and organ-at-risk (OAR) doses after induction chemotherapy (IC) in oropharyngeal cancer using different contouring strategies.
Materials and methods: GTV and OARs were delineated on pre- and post-IC planning CT. Two post-IC GTV contours were made: (I) a 'consensus set' using published guidelines (GTV(consensus)). and (2) 'visible set', delineating only visible post-IC GTV (GTV(visible)). Pre-IC interactively optimized volumetric modulated arc therapy plans were generated. The pre-IC planning constraints served as the starting point for both post-IC plans. Results reflect pooled data from all 10 patients.
Results: Mean reduction in volume post-IC was 24% and 47% for consensus and visible primary tumor and 57% and 60% for consensus and visible nodes. Compared to pre-IC plans, average mean OAR dose for post-IC GTV(consensus) plans was significantly lower for CL parotid. For GTV(visible) plans both parotids, upper/lower larynx, inferior pharyngeal constrictor and cricopharyngeal muscles were significantly lower. However reductions compared with post-IC GTV(consensus) plans were modest (1.6/1.5/1.2/3.7/5.9/2.6 Gy, respectively).
Conclusion: IC in patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma results in substantial reductions in GTVs. If post-IC GTVs are used, which is contrary to current consensus, statistically significant but relatively small OAR dose reductions are observed. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Induction chemotherapy
- Oropharynx cancer
- Organ-at-risk dose
- Volumetric change
- INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY
- SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA
- ADVANCED HEAD
- CONCURRENT CHEMORADIOTHERAPY
- SEQUENTIAL CHEMORADIOTHERAPY