The effect of lip closure on palatal growth in patients with unilateral clefts

Robin Bruggink*, Frank Baan, Gem Kramer, Colet Claessens, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman, Ewald M. Bronkhorst, Thomas J. J. Maal, Edwin Ongkosuwito

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objectives. The objective of this study was to compare maxillary dimensions and growth in newborns with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate (UCLP) to healthy newborns before and after cheiloplasty. Additionally, a palatal growth curve is constructed to give more information about the natural growth before surgical intervention.

Methods. Twenty-eight newborns with complete UCLP were enrolled in this study. Multiple plaster-casts of each child during their first year were collected and grouped in before and after cheiloplasty. A previous developed semi-automatic segmentation tool was used to assess the maxillary dimensions and were compared to a healthy control group. Z-scores were calculated to indicate differences between the two populations and if cheiloplasty had influence on maxillary growth. Furthermore, the prediction model created in a previous study was used to indicate differences between predictions and the outcome in UCLP measurements. The analysis was tested for inter- and intra-observer variability.

Results. Results show differences in alveolar and palatal shape in UCLP patients in comparison with healthy controls. Prior to cheiloplasty an increased width and alveolar length was observed while the palatal depth was decreased. After cheiloplasty the widths moved towards normal but were still significantly larger.

Conclusion. Infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate show a wider maxillary arch in comparison with the control population. Initial treatment has most influence on the width of the arch, which decreased towards normal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9631
Number of pages15
JournalPeerJ
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30-Jul-2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Orthodontics
  • Dental models
  • Imaging
  • Three-Dimensional
  • Cleft palate
  • Diagnostic imaging
  • Maxillofacial development
  • SCANDCLEFT RANDOMIZED-TRIALS
  • MAXILLARY ARCH DIMENSIONS
  • PRIMARY SURGERY
  • CHILDREN
  • MODELS
  • CHEILOPLASTY
  • ACCURACY
  • INFANTS

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