The Effect of Maternal Antihypertensive Drugs on the Cerebral, Renal and Splanchnic Tissue Oxygen Extraction of Preterrn Neonates

Anne E. Richter*, Trijntje E. Schat, Koenraad N. J. A. Van Braeckel, Sicco A. Scherjon, Arend F. Bos, Elisabeth M. W. Kooi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: Drugs with antihypertensive action are frequently used in obstetrics for the treatment of preeclampsia (labetalol) and tocolysis (nifedipine) or for neuroprotection (MgSO4), and may affect the hemodynamics of preterm born neonates. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether maternal antihypertensive drugs affect multisite oxygenation levels of the neonate. Methods: Eighty preterm neonates of 32 weeks of gestational age were monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy. Mean cerebral, renal and splanchnic fractional tissue oxygen extractions (cFTOE, rFTOE and sFTOE) were calculated for the first 5 postnatal days. We determined the effect of various maternal antihypertensive drugs on cFTOE and rFTOE using multilevel analysis, and on sFTOE using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: Eleven infants were exposed to labetalol +/- MgSO4, 7 to nifedipine +/- MgSO4, 20 to MgSO4 only, and 42 to no maternal antihypertensive drugs. The infants exposed to labetalol +/- MgSO4 had a lower cFTOE on days 1 (0.14, p = 0.031), 2 (0.13, p = 0.035) and 4 (0.18, p = 0.046) than nonexposed infants on the corresponding days (0.22, 0.20 and 0.24, respectively). On day 2, cFTOE was also lower in infants exposed to nifedipine +/- MgSO4 (0.11, p = 0.028) and to MgSO4 only (0.15, p = 0.047). sFTOE was higher in infants exposed to labetalol +/- MgSO4 on days 1 (mu = 0.71) and 2 (mu = 0.82) than in nonexposed infants (mu = 0.26, p = 0.04 and mu = 0.55, p = 0.007, respectively). Maternal antihypertensive drugs did not affect rFTOE. Conclusions: Low neonatal cFTOE found with maternal antihypertensive drug exposure may relate to either increased cerebral perfusion or neurologic depression induced by the medication, or preferential brain perfusion associated with preeclampsia placental insufficiency. Concomitantly high sFTOE found with labetalol exposure supports the latter, while renal autoregulation may explain rFTOE stability. (C) 2016 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalNeonatology
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Antihypertensive drugs
  • Fractional tissue oxygen extractions
  • Neonatal oxygenation
  • NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY
  • VENA-CAVA FLOW
  • BLOOD-FLOW
  • MAGNESIUM-SULFATE
  • LABETALOL
  • INFANTS
  • FETAL
  • NIFEDIPINE
  • HEMODYNAMICS
  • SATURATION

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