The effects of a daycare reform on health in childhood-Evidence from Sweden

Gerard J. van den Berg, Bettina M. Siflinger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

This paper studies the impact ofadaycarereformonchildren'smentalandphysicalhealthdevel-opmentinSweden.Thereformeffectivelyreduceddaycarefeesbyasignificantamountandwentalongwithanexpansionofsupply.Wedrawonauniquesetofcomprehensiveindividual-levelhealthcareregisterdataovertheperiod1999-2008.Byexploitingvariationinreformexposurebybirthcohort,weestimateshortandmedium-runeffectsonchildhealthatdifferentages.Wefindasignificantreductioninmentaldisordersinthemedium-runforchildrenaffectedbythereform.Thereformleadstostrongandimmediateincreasesinprobabilitiesofdiagnosiswithphysicalhealthconditionsthatfadeoutaschildrengetolder.Sub-sampleanalysesindicatethatthere-formeffectsarestronglyassociatedwithchildrenfromdisadvantagedbackgrounds.Ananalysisofhealthcareutilizationshowsthataffectedchildrenhavemoreoverallmedicalvisitsatyoungeragesbutfewersickness-relatedvis its in primary school than non-affected children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102577
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Volume81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2022

Keywords

  • Child health
  • Childcare
  • Healthcare register
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Healthcare utilization
  • PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN
  • BEHAVIOR EVIDENCE
  • TERM
  • IMPACTS
  • PARENTS

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