The Expression of Epac2 and GluA3 in an Alzheimer's Disease Experimental Model and Postmortem Patient Samples

Tong Zhang, Nshunge Musheshe, Christina H. J. T. M. van der Veen, Helmut W. Kessels, Amalia Dolga, Peter De Deyn, Ulrich Eisel, Martina Schmidt*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most prevalent neurodegenerative diseases, characterized by amyloid beta (Aβ) and hyperphosphorylated tau accumulation in the brain. Recent studies indicated that memory retrieval, rather than memory formation, was impaired in the early stage of AD. Our previous study reported that pharmacological activation of hippocampal Epac2 promoted memory retrieval in C57BL/6J mice. A recent study suggested that pharmacological inhibition of Epac2 prevented synaptic potentiation mediated by GluA3-containing AMPARs. In this study, we aimed to investigate proteins associated with Epac2-mediated memory in hippocampal postmortem samples of AD patients and healthy controls compared with the experimental AD model J20 and wild-type mice. Epac2 and phospho-Akt were downregulated in AD patients and J20 mice, while Epac1 and phospho-ERK1/2 were not altered. GluA3 was reduced in J20 mice and tended to decrease in AD patients. PSD95 tended to decrease in AD patients and J20. Interestingly, AKAP5 was increased in AD patients but not in J20 mice, implicating its role in tau phosphorylation. Our study points to the downregulation of hippocampal expression of proteins associated with Epac2 in AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2096
Number of pages16
JournalBiomedicines
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25-Jul-2023

Keywords

  • AKAP5
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • AMPARs
  • Epac2
  • ERK1/2
  • GluA3
  • PI3K/Akt
  • PSD95

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