In this study we investigated the surfactant function in rat lung transplants at the peak of the reimplantation response in experimental groups with increasing warm ischemic times of the lung transplant. The left and right lungs in five groups of rats were assessed 24 hours after left lung transplantation: rats receiving transplants with lung graft ischemic times of 60 (n = 4), 90 (n = 5), and 120 (n = 5) minutes, donor rats with 120 minutes lung ischemia (n = 5) and normal (nonoperated) rats (n = 6). The reimplantation response was assessed by the ventilation score on chest roentgenograms, measurement of the static lung compliance, and the (serum) protein concentration in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Surfactant in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was assessed by measuring the amount and the composition of surfactant phospholipids and the in vitro surfactant function in a pulsating bubble surfactometer. We found that longer ischemic times caused a more severe reimplantation response in the left lung grafts. Although the ventilation scores were equally low in the 60-, 90-, and 120-minute ischemia groups, the lung compliances decreased and the (serum) protein concentrations increased stepwise in correlation with longer ischemic times. The amount of surfactant phospholipids during the reimplantation response was not changed, but the percentage phosphatidyl choline decreased progressively in parallel with the severity of the reimplantation response. Finally, the in vitro function of surfactant from the lung transplants decreased in parallel with the prolongation of the ischemic time, whereas the function of surfactant from donor lungs with 120 minutes of ischemia and from native right lungs was not changed. We conclude that the surfactant function is impaired during the reimplantation response as a result of a high concentration of inhibiting serum proteins and a low percentage of phosphatidyl choline.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|