The Functionality Verification through Pilot Human Subject Testing of MyFlex-δ: An ESR Foot Prosthesis with Spherical Ankle Joint

Johnnidel Tabucol*, Vera G.M. Kooiman*, Marco Leopaldi, Tommaso M. Brugo, Ruud A. Leijendekkers, Gregorio Tagliabue, Vishal Raveendranathan, Eleonora Sotgiu, Pietro Benincasa, Magnus Oddsson, Nico Verdonschot, Raffaella Carloni, Andrea Zucchelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Most biomechanical research has focused on level-ground walking giving less attention to other conditions. As a result, most lower limb prosthesis studies have focused on sagittal plane movements. In this paper, an ESR foot is presented, of which five different stiffnesses were optimized for as many weight categories of users. It is characterized by a spherical ankle joint, with which, combined with the elastic elements, the authors wanted to create a prosthesis that gives the desired stiffness in the sagittal plane but at the same time, gives flexibility in the other planes to allow the adaptation of the foot prosthesis to the ground conditions. The ESR foot was preliminarily tested by participants with transfemoral amputation. After a brief familiarization with the device, each participant was asked to wear markers and to walk on a sensorized treadmill to measure their kinematics and kinetics. Then, each participant was asked to leave feedback via an evaluation questionnaire. The measurements and feedback allowed us to evaluate the performance of the prosthesis quantitatively and qualitatively. Although there were no significant improvements on the symmetry of the gait, due also to very limited familiarization time, the participants perceived an improvement brought by the spherical ankle joint.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4575
Number of pages31
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 30-Apr-2022

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