The Hubble Space Telescope advanced camera for surveys coma cluster survey. I. Survey objectives and design

David Carter*, Paul Goudfrooij, Bahram Mobasher, Henry C. Ferguson, Thomas H. Puzia, Alfonso L. Aguerri, Marc Balcells, Dan Batcheldor, Terry J. Bridges, Jonathan I. Davies, Peter Erwin, Alister W. Graham, Rafael Guzmán, Derek Hammer, Ann Hornschemeier, Carlos Hoyos, Michael J. Hudson, Avon Huxor, Shardha Jogee, Yutaka KomiyamaJennifer Lotz, John R. Lucey, Ronald O. Marzke, David Merritt, Bryan W. Miller, Neal A. Miller, Mustapha Mouhcine, Sadanori Okamura, Reynier F. Peletier, Steven Phillipps, Bianca M. Poggianti, Ray M. Sharples, Russell J. Smith, Neil Trentham, R. Brent Tully, Edwin Valentijn, Gijs Verdoes Kleijn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe the HST ACS Coma Cluster Treasury survey, a deep two-passband imaging survey of one of the nearest rich clusters of galaxies, the Coma Cluster (Abell 1656). The survey was designed to cover an area of 740 arcmin2 in regions of different density of both galaxies and intergalactic medium within the cluster. The ACS failure of 2007 January 27 leaves the survey 28% complete, with 21 ACS pointings (230 arcmin2) complete, and partial data for a further four pointings (44 arcmin2). The predicted survey depth for 10 σ detections for optimal photometry of point sources is g'=27.6 in the F475W filter and IC=26.8 mag in F814 (AB magnitudes). Initial simulations with artificially injected point sources show 90% recovered at magnitude limits of g'=27.55 and IC=26.65. For extended sources, the predicted 10 σ limits for a 1 arcsec2 region are g'=25.8 mag arcsec-2 and IC=25.0 mag arcsec-2. We highlight several motivating science goals of the survey, including study of the faint end of the cluster galaxy luminosity function, structural parameters of dwarf galaxies, stellar populations and their effect on colors and color gradients, evolution of morphological components in a dense environment, the nature of ultracompact dwarf galaxies, and globular cluster populations of cluster galaxies of a range of luminosities and types. This survey will also provide a local rich cluster benchmark for various well-known global scaling relations and explore new relations pertaining to the nuclear properties of galaxies. Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555. These observations are associated with program GO10861.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-437
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical journal supplement series
Volume176
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jun-2008

Keywords

  • galaxies : clusters : individual (Abell 1656)
  • galaxies : fundamental parameters
  • galaxies : luminosity function, mass function
  • galaxies : photometry
  • galaxies : stellar content
  • galaxies : structure
  • EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES
  • DWARF ELLIPTIC GALAXIES
  • SUPERMASSIVE BLACK-HOLES
  • FUNDAMENTAL-PLANE-SURVEY
  • EXTREME-ULTRAVIOLET EMISSION
  • SURFACE-BRIGHTNESS PROFILES
  • BRIGHTEST SPIRAL GALAXIES
  • COLOR MAGNITUDE RELATION
  • STELLAR MASS DENSITIES
  • DIGITAL SKY SURVEY

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