The impact of coronary artery disease risk loci on ischemic heart failure severity and prognosis: association analysis in the COntrolled ROsuvastatin multiNAtional trial in heart failure (CORONA)

Vincent G. Haver, Niek Verweij, John Kjekshus, Jayne C. Fox, Hans Wedel, John Wikstrand, Wiek H. van Gilst, Rudolf A. de Boer, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Pim van der Harst*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Recent genome-wide association studies have identified multiple loci that are associated with an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease (CAD). The impact of these loci on the disease severity and prognosis of ischemic heart failure due to CAD is currently unknown.

Methods: We undertook association analysis of 7 single nucleotide polymorphism (rs599839, rs17465637, rs2972147, rs6922269, rs1333049, rs501120, and rs17228212) at 7 well established CAD risk loci (1p13.3, 1q41, 2q36.3, 6q25.1, 9p21.3, 10q11.21, and 15q22.33, respectively) in 3,320 subjects diagnosed with systolic heart failure of ischemic aetiology and participating in the COntrolled ROsuvastatin multiNAtional Trial in Heart Failure (CORONA) trial. The primary outcome was the composite of time to first event of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal stroke, secondary outcomes included mortality and hospitalization due to worsening heart failure.

Results: None of the 7 loci were significantly associated with the primary composite endpoint of the CORONA trial (death from cardiovascular cases, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke). However, the 1p13.3 locus (rs599839) showed evidence for association with all-cause mortality (after adjustment for covariates; HR 0.74, 95% CI [0.61 to 0.90]; P = 0.0025) and we confirmed the 1p13.3 locus (rs599839) to be associated with lipid parameters (total cholesterol (P = 1.1x10(-4)), low-density lipoprotein levels (P = 3.5 x 10(-7)) and apolipoprotein B (P = 2.2 x 10(-10))).

Conclusion: Genetic variants strongly associated with CAD risk are not associated with the severity and outcome of ischemic heart failure. The observed association of the 1p13.3 locus with all-cause mortality requires confirmation in further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140
Number of pages8
JournalBMC MEDICAL GENETICS
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21-Dec-2014

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart failure
  • Genetics
  • Healthy ageing
  • SNP
  • SUSCEPTIBILITY LOCI
  • CARDIOMYOPATHY
  • CHOLESTEROL
  • DESIGN
  • 9P21

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