The impact of heparin-coated cardiopulmonary bypass circuits on pulmonary function and the release of inflammatory mediators

R de Vroege*, W van Oeveren, J van Klarenbosch, W Stooker, MAJM Huybregts, CE Hack, L van Barneveld, L Eijsman, CRH Wildevuur

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    Reduction of the inflammatory reaction with the use of heparin coating has been found during and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The question remains whether this reduced reaction also decreases the magnitude of CPB-induced pulmonary dysfunction. We therefore evaluated the effects of a heparin-coated circuit versus a similar uncoated circuit on pulmonary indices as well as on inflammatory markers of complement activation (C3b/c), elastase-alpha(1)-antitrypsin complex, and secretory phospholipase A, (sPLA,) during and after CPB. Fifty-one patients were randomly assigned into two groups undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with either a heparin-coated (Group 1) or an uncoated (Group 2) circuit. During CPB, a continuous positive airway pressure of 5 cm H2O and a fraction of inspired oxygen (Fio(2)) of 0.21 were maintained. Differences in favor of the coated circuit were found in pulmonary shunt fraction (P <0.05), pulmonary vascular resistance index (P <0.05), and Pao(2)/Fio(2) ratio (P <0.05) after CPB and in the intensive care unit. During and after CPB, the coated group demonstrated lower levels of sPLA(2). After CPB, C3b/c and the elastase-alantitrypsin complex were significantly less in the coated group (P <0.001). The coated circuit was associated with a reduced inflammatory response, decreased pulmonary vascular resistance index and pulmonary shunt fraction, and increased Pao2/Fio2 ratio, suggesting that the coated circuit may have beneficial effects on pulmonary function. The correlation with sPLA2, leukocyte activation, and postoperative leukocyte count suggests reduced activation of pulmonary capillary endothelial cells.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1586-1594
    Number of pages9
    JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
    Volume98
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jun-2004

    Keywords

    • PHOSPHOLIPASE A(2)
    • CARDIAC-SURGERY
    • INJURY
    • PATHOGENESIS
    • DYSFUNCTION
    • CIRCULATION
    • ACTIVATION
    • APROTININ

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