The importance of cooling of urine samples for doping analysis

J. Gijs Kuenen*, Wil N. Konings

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    Storing and transporting of urine samples for doping analysis, as performed by the anti-doping organizations associated with the World Anti-Doping Agency, does not include a specific protocol for cooled transport from the place of urine sampling to the doping laboratory, although low cost cooling facilities can easily be made available. As a result, microbial and thermal degradation of the chemical substances in the urine may occur, which may lead to false negative or false positive results in the subsequent doping analysis. This scientifically and morally unacceptable practice is still maintained in spite of publications demonstrating that immediate cooling is an absolute requirement. Given the enormous societal consequences of positive tests, the lack of a controllable chain of custody during transport should be outlawed. This paper proposes a simple method, based on immediate cooling and cooled transport, which can easily be implemented in developed countries at low cost.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)133-136
    Number of pages4
    JournalAccreditation and quality assurance
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb-2010


    • Urine analysis
    • Bacterial contamination
    • Doping analysis
    • Anti-doping organization

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