The influence of protocol design on the identification of ventilatory thresholds and the attainment of peak physiological responses during synchronous arm crank ergometry in able-bodied participants

Ingrid Kouwijzer, Mitch Valize, Linda J M Valent, Paul Grandjean Perrenod Comtesse, Lucas H V van der Woude, Sonja de Groot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
88 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose To examine the effects of stage duration on power output (PO), oxygen uptake (VO2), and heart rate (HR) at peak level and ventilatory thresholds during synchronous arm crank ergometry.

Methods Nineteen healthy participants completed a ramp, 1-min stepwise, and 3-min stepwise graded arm crank exercise test. PO, VO2, and HR at the first and second ventilatory threshold (VT1, VT2) and peak level were compared among the protocols: a repeated measures analysis of variance was performed to test for systematic differences, while intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Bland-Altman plots were calculated to determine relative and absolute agreement.

Results Systematic differences among the protocols were found for PO at VT1, VT2, and peak level. At peak level, PO differed significantly among all protocols (ramp: 115 +/- 37 W; 1-min stepwise: 108 +/- 34 W; 3-min stepwise: 94 +/- 31 W, p

Conclusions PO at VTs and peak level was significantly higher in short-stage protocols compared with the 3-min stepwise protocol, whereas HR and VO2 showed no differences. Therefore, training zones based on PO determined in short-stage protocols might give an overestimation. Moreover, due to large random error in HR at VTs between the protocols, it is recommended that different protocols should not be used interchangeably within individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2275-2286
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume119
Issue number10
Early online date21-Aug-2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2019

Keywords

  • Protocol type
  • Graded exercise test
  • Physical capacity
  • Ventilatory thresholds
  • Training
  • INCREMENTAL EXERCISE
  • GAS-EXCHANGE
  • AEROBIC PERFORMANCE
  • LACTATE THRESHOLD
  • TESTING PROTOCOL
  • STAGE DURATION
  • BLOOD LACTATE
  • OXYGEN-UPTAKE
  • RAMP
  • PARAMETERS

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