The influence of various attachment types in mandibular implant-retained overdentures on maximum bite force and EMG

FMC van Kampen*, A van der Bilt, MS Cune, F Bosman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The type of attachment that is used in oral rehabilitation by means of implant-retained mandibular overdentures may influence the retention and the stability of the denture. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that a better retention and stability of the denture improve the oral function. Eighteen edentulous subjects received 2 permucosal implants, a new denture, and, successively, 3 suprastructure modalities. Maximum bite force and electrical activity of the masseter, and temporalis muscles were measured. The maximum bite force nearly doubled after treatment for each of the 3 attachments. However, the average bite force after treatment was still only two-thirds of the value obtained for dentate subjects. No large differences in maximum bite force and muscle activity were found among the 3 attachment types. Temporalis activity was significantly lower than masseter activity when subjects clenched without implant support. There was no difference in activity when subjects clenched with implant support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-173
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bite force
  • EMG
  • dental implant
  • overdenture
  • attachment
  • OSSEOINTEGRATED IMPLANTS
  • ORAL FUNCTION
  • COMMINUTION
  • PROSTHESES
  • STATE
  • FOOD

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