Objectives: Familial aggregation of testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) has been reported, but it is unclear if familial TGCT represents a unique entity with distinct clinicopathologic characteristics. Here we describe a collection of familial TGCT cases from an international consortium, in an effort to elucidate any clinical characteristics that are specific to this population.
Materials and methods: Families with >= 2 cases of TGCT enrolled at 18 of the sites participating in the International Testicular Cancer Linkage Consortium were included. We analyzed clinicopathologic characteristics of 985 cases from 461 families.
Results: A majority (88.5%) of families had only 2 cases of TGCT. Men with seminoma (50% of cases) had an older mean age at diagnosis than nonseminoma cases (P = 0.001). Among individuals with a history of cryptorchidism. TGCT was more likely to occur in the ipsilateral testis (kappa = 0.65). Cousin pairs appeared to represent a unique group, with younger age at diagnosis and a higher prevalence of cryptorchidism than other families.
Conclusions: Clinicopathologic characteristics in these familial TGCT cases were similar to those generally described for nonfamilial eases. However, we observed a unique presentation of familial TGCT among cousin pairs. Additional studies are needed to further explore this observation. Published by Elsevier Inc.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology-Seminars and Original Investigations|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
- Testicular neoplasms
- Clinicopathologic characteristics
- SUSCEPTIBILITY GENES