The irradiation facility at the AGOR cyclotron

Sytze Brandenburg, Reint Ostendorf, Mariet Hofstee*, Harry Kiewiet, Hans Beijers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The KVI is conducting radiobiology research using protons up to 190 MeV from the superconducting AGOR cyclotron in collaboration with the University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG) since 1998. Using the same set-up, we have started irradiations for radiation hardness studies of detectors and components for the European Space Agency (ESA) and industrial parties. For these irradiations, we use either mono-energetic protons or a simulated solar flare energy spectrum with fluxes up to 5 x 108 protons cm(-2) s(-1). Furthermore, tests of radiation effects such as single event upsets, are being performed with intensities down to a few particles/s. Different energies are achieved by degrading the primary beam energy. We are currently developing the capability for heavy ion irradiations in air with beams up to Xe at beam energies between 15 and 45 MeV per nucleon. Performing the irradiations in air simplifies handling and monitoring of the device under test. The high energy allows penetration to the active layer of electronic devices, without modifications to the chip housing. The different ions provide a wide range in LET. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-85
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2007
Event19th International Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry -
Duration: 20-Aug-200625-Aug-2006


  • irradiations
  • simulated solar flare
  • heavy ion cocktail
  • cyclotron

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