This paper is concerned with a recent microstructural approach to model creep crack growth. The model spans three different length scales, from the scale of individual cavities, through the grain scale up to the macroscopic scale of cracks in components and test specimens. In order to study the initial stages of creep crack growth, we consider a near-tip process window in which a large number of grains are represented discretely. This window is surrounded by a standard continuum. Macroscopic specimen dimensions and loading configuration are communicated to this near-tip region by applying boundary conditions in accordance with the asymptotic stress fields for power-law creeping materials. The paper presents some novel results of this type of modeling obtained using remote higher-order crack-tip fields. Specific attention is focused on the effect of random nucleation and grain deformation on nonsymmetric crack growth from either initially sharp or blunt cracks.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|