The Lockman Hole project: Gas and galaxy properties from a stacking experiment

K. Gereb*, R. Morganti, T. A. Oosterloo, G. Guglielmino, I. Prandoni

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We perform an HI stacking analysis to study the relation between HI content and optical/radio/IR properties of galaxies located in the Lockman Hole area. In the redshift range covered by the observations (up to z = 0.09), we use the SDSS to separate galaxies with different optical characteristics, and we exploit the deep L- band radio continuum image (with noise 11 mu Jy beam- 1) to identify galaxies with radio continuum emission. Infrared properties are extracted from the Spitzer catalog. We detect HI in blue galaxies, but HI is also detected in the group of red galaxies - albeit with smaller amounts than for the blue sample. We identify a group of optically inactive galaxies with early- type morphology that does not reveal any HI and ionized gas. These inactive galaxies likely represent the genuine red and dead galaxies depleted of all gas. Unlike inactive galaxies, HI is detected in red LINER- like objects. Galaxies with radio continuum counterparts mostly belong to the sub- mJy population, whose objects are thought to be a mixture of star- forming galaxies and low- power AGNs. After using several AGN diagnostics, we conclude that the radio emission in the majority of our sub- mJy radio sources stems from star formation. LINERs appear to separate into two groups based on IR properties and HI content. LINERs with a 24 mu m detection show relatively large amounts of HI and are also often detected in radio continuum as a result of ongoing star formation. The LINER galaxies which are not detected at 24 mu m are more like the optically inactive galaxies by being depleted of HI gas and having no sign of star formation. Radio LINERs in the latter group are the best candidates for hosting low- luminosity radio AGN.

Original languageEnglish
Article number54
Number of pages7
JournalAstronomy & astrophysics
Volume558
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2013

Keywords

  • radio continuum: galaxies
  • galaxies: star formation
  • galaxies: evolution
  • radio lines: galaxies
  • ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI
  • STAR-FORMATION RATE
  • I MASS FUNCTION
  • H-I
  • DEEP FIELD
  • MIDINFRARED SELECTION
  • LENTICULAR GALAXIES
  • SOURCE POPULATION
  • RADIO POPULATION
  • NEUTRAL HYDROGEN

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