The medically compromised patient: Are dental implants a feasible option?

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Abstract

In healthy subjects, dental implants have evolved to be a common therapy to solve problems related to stability and retention of dentures as well as to replace failing teeth. Although dental implants are applied in medically compromised patients, it is often not well known whether this therapy is also feasible in these patients, whether the risk of implant failure and developing peri-implantitis is increased, and what specific preventive measures, if any, have to be taken when applying dental implants in these patients. Generally speaking, as was the conclusion by the leading review of Diz, Scully, and Sanz on placement of dental implants in medically compromised patients (JDent, 41, 2013, 195), in a few disorders implant survival may be lower, and the risk of a compromised peri-implant health and its related complications be greater, but the degree of systemic disease control outweighs the nature of the disorder rather than the risk accompanying dental implant treatment. So, as dental implant treatment is accompanied by significant functional benefits and improved oral health-related quality of life, dental implant therapy is a feasible treatment in almost any medically compromised patient when the required preventive measures are taken and follow-up care is at a high level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalOral diseases
Volume24
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2018

Keywords

  • autoimmune disorders
  • dental implants
  • head and neck radiotherapy
  • mucosal diseases
  • osteoporosis
  • peri-implant health
  • SALIVARY-GLAND DYSFUNCTION
  • ORAL MEDICINE VI
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • MEDICATION-RELATED OSTEONECROSIS
  • TYPE-2 DIABETES-MELLITUS
  • ABLATIVE TUMOR SURGERY
  • NECK-CANCER-PATIENTS
  • WORLD WORKSHOP
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • PROSTHODONTIC REHABILITATION

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