The need for clean air: The way air pollution and climate change affect allergic rhinitis and asthma

Ibon Eguiluz-Gracia*, Alexander G. Mathioudakis*, Sabine Bartel, Susanne J. H. Vijverberg, Elaine Fuertes, Pasquale Comberiati, Yutong Samuel Cai, Peter Valentin Tomazic, Zuzana Diamant, Jorgen Vestbo, Carmen Galan, Barbara Hoffmann

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    33 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Air pollution and climate change have a significant impact on human health and well-being and contribute to the onset and aggravation of allergic rhinitis and asthma among other chronic respiratory diseases. In Westernized countries, households have experienced a process of increasing insulation and individuals tend to spend most of their time indoors. These sequelae implicate a high exposure to indoor allergens (house dust mites, pets, molds, etc), tobacco smoke, and other pollutants, which have an impact on respiratory health. Outdoor air pollution derived from traffic and other human activities not only has a direct negative effect on human health but also enhances the allergenicity of some plants and contributes to global warming. Climate change modifies the availability and distribution of plant- and fungal-derived allergens and increases the frequency of extreme climate events. This review summarizes the effects of indoor air pollution, outdoor air pollution, and subsequent climate change on asthma and allergic rhinitis in children and adults and addresses the policy adjustments and lifestyle changes required to mitigate their deleterious effects.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2170-2184
    Number of pages15
    JournalAllergy
    Volume75
    Issue number9
    Early online date9-Jan-2020
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep-2020

    Keywords

    • allergic rhinitis
    • asthma
    • climate change
    • environment
    • pollution
    • RESPIRATORY HEALTH
    • PARTICULATE MATTER
    • CHILDHOOD ASTHMA
    • PASSIVE SMOKING
    • POLLEN SEASON
    • LUNG-FUNCTION
    • RISK-FACTORS
    • EXPOSURE
    • CHILDREN
    • IMPACT

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