The Next Generation of the Penn World Table

Robert C. Feenstra, Robert Inklaar, Marcel Timmer

Research output: Working paperAcademic


We describe the theory and practice of real GDP comparisons across countries and over time. Effective with version 8, the Penn World Table (PWT) will be taken over by the University of California, Davis and the University of Groningen, with continued input from Alan Heston at the University of Pennsylvania. Version 8 will expand on previous versions of PWT in three respects. First, it will distinguish real GDP on the expenditure side from real GDP on the output side, which differ by the terms of trade faced by countries. Second, it will distinguish growth rates of GDP based on national accounts data from growth rates that are benchmarked in multiple years to cross-country price data. Third, data on capital stocks will be reintroduced. Some illustrative results from PWT version 8 are discussed, including new results that show how the Penn effect is not emergent but a stable relationship over time.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2-Jul-2013

Publication series

NameNBER Working Paper


Dive into the research topics of 'The Next Generation of the Penn World Table'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this