Environmental problems could be reduced if individuals act pro-environmentally. Typically, studies have examined factors explaining pro-environmental behavior among adults, but not among children. As children are the future generations that must meet the targets set by the 2015 Paris climate agreement, it is important to understand which factors influence their engagement in pro-environmental behaviors, such as their energy saving behavior. In two correlational studies among primary and secondary school children (n(study1)= 69,n(study2)= 958), we tested if normative considerations proposed by the Value-Identity-Personal Norm (VIP) model can explain children's self-reported energy-saving behaviors. Our results revealed that in line with research among adults, children's biospheric values were related to their energy-saving self-identity, in turn associated with their personal norms to save energy. Furthermore, we found partial support for the proposed relationship between the variables of the VIP model and a range of self-reported energy-saving behaviors.
- personal norms
- VALUE ORIENTATIONS