The outcomes of children with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome: proceedings from the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference

Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference Group, Michael W Quasney, Yolanda M López-Fernández, Miriam Santschi, R Scott Watson

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48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To provide additional details and evidence behind the recommendations for outcomes assessment of patients with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome from the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference.

DESIGN: Consensus conference of experts in pediatric acute lung injury.

METHODS: A panel of 27 experts met over the course of 2 years to develop a taxonomy to define pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome and to make recommendations regarding treatment and research priorities. The outcomes subgroup comprised four experts. When published data were lacking, a modified Delphi approach emphasizing strong professional agreement was used.

RESULTS: The Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference experts developed and voted on a total of 151 recommendations addressing the topics related to pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome, seven of which related to outcomes after pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. All seven recommendations had strong agreement. Children with acute respiratory distress syndrome continue to have a high mortality, specifically, in relation to certain comorbidities and etiologies related to pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. Comorbid conditions, such as an immunocompromised state, increase the risk of mortality even further. Likewise, certain etiologies, such as non-pulmonary sepsis, also place children at a higher risk of mortality. Significant long-term effects were reported in adult survivors of acute respiratory distress syndrome: diminished lung function and exercise tolerance, reduced quality of life, and diminished neurocognitive function. Little knowledge of long-term outcomes exists in children who survive pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. Characterization of the longer term consequences of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome in children is vital to help identify opportunities for improved therapeutic and rehabilitative strategies that will lessen the long-term burden of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome and improve the quality of life in children.

CONCLUSIONS: The Consensus Conference developed pediatric-specific recommendations for pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome regarding outcome measures and future research priorities. These recommendations are intended to promote optimization and consistency of care for children with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome and identify areas of uncertainty requiring further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S118-S131
Number of pages14
JournalPediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies
Volume16
Issue number5 Suppl 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2015

Keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Behavior
  • Biomarkers
  • Cognition
  • Comorbidity
  • Family
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units, Pediatric
  • Length of Stay
  • Mental Health
  • Nervous System Diseases/etiology
  • Prognosis
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/complications
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Treatment Outcome

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