The palatability of oral nutritional supplements: before, during, and after chemotherapy

Irene IJpma, Remco J. Renken, Gert J. ter Horst, Anna K. L. Reyners*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are commonly prescribed to malnourished patients to improve their nutritional status. Taste and smell changes in patients with cancer can affect the palatability of ONS. The present study investigated: (1) the palatability of six ONS in testicular cancer patients before, during the first two cycles, and after chemotherapy; (2) the relation between the palatability and taste and smell function; (3) the metallic taste of these ONS.

Twenty-one testicular cancer patients undergoing first-line cisplatin-based chemotherapy participated. Two milk-based (vanilla; strawberry), two juice-based (apple; orange), and two yoghurt-based (vanilla-lemon; peach-orange) ONS were tested. A questionnaire was used to assess the palatability of ONS and to which extent the attribute 'metallic' was applicable. Taste and smell function were measured using taste strips and 'Sniffin' Sticks', respectively.

The palatability of ONS was highly variable among patients. The milk-based strawberry ONS was preferred most before, during, and after chemotherapy. The liking of the milk-based vanilla ONS tended to decrease over time (p = 0.053), whereas the liking of the other ONS remained stable. A higher smell threshold and a lower sour taste threshold were correlated to a decreased liking of the milk-based vanilla ONS. The two juice-based ONS tended to taste more metallic during than before chemotherapy.

Health care professionals and patients should be aware that the palatability of ONS can change over time. Regular structured contact between health care professionals and patients regarding the choice of ONS seems warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4301-4308
Number of pages8
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2016

Keywords

  • Oral nutritional supplements
  • Taste
  • Smell
  • Metallic
  • Cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT
  • TASTE PREFERENCES
  • CANCER
  • PREVALENCE
  • BREAST

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