The Parkinsonian Subthalamic Network: Measures of Power, Linear, and Non-linear Synchronization and their Relationship to L-DOPA Treatment and OFF State Motor Severity

Timothy West, Simon Farmer, Luc Berthouze, Ashwani Jha, Martijn Beudel, Thomas Foltynie, Patricia Limousin, Ludvic Zrinzo, Peter Brown, Vladimir Litvak*

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    In this paper we investigated the dopaminergic modulation of neuronal interactions occurring in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) during Parkinson's disease (PD). We utilized linear measures of local and long range synchrony such as power and coherence, as well as Detrended Fluctuation Analysis for Phase Synchrony (DFA-PS)- a recently developed non-linear method that computes the extent of long tailed autocorrelations present in the phase interactions between two coupled signals. Through analysis of local field potentials (LFPs) taken from the STN we seek to determine changes in the neurodynamics that may underpin the pathophysiology of PD in a group of 12 patients who had undergone surgery for deep brain stimulation. We demonstrate up modulation of alpha-theta (5-12 Hz) band power in response to L-DOPA treatment, whilst low beta band power (15-20 Hz) band-power is suppressed. We also find evidence for significant local connectivity within the region surrounding STN although there was evidence for its modulation via administration of L-DOPA. Further to this we present evidence for a positive correlation between the phase ordering of bilateral STN interactions and the severity of bradykinetic and rigidity symptoms in PD. Although, the ability of non-linear measures to predict clinical state did not exceed standard measures such as beta power, these measures may help identify the connections which play a role in pathological dynamics.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number517
    Number of pages22
    JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
    Volume10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25-Oct-2016

    Keywords

    • Parkinson's disease
    • deep brain stimulation (DBS)
    • connectivity
    • coherence
    • detrended fluctuation analysis
    • synchronization
    • criticality
    • DEEP BRAIN-STIMULATION
    • CORTICAL NETWORKS
    • OSCILLATORY ACTIVITY
    • NEURONAL AVALANCHES
    • TIME-SERIES
    • DISEASE
    • NUCLEUS
    • RANGE
    • COMMUNICATION
    • CONNECTIVITY

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