The Penicillium chrysogenum aclA gene encodes a broad-substrate-specificity acyl-coenzyme A ligase involved in activation of adipic acid, a side-chain precursor for cephem antibiotics

Martijn J. Koetsier, Andreas K. Gombert, Susan Fekken, Roel A. L. Bovenberg, Marco A. Van den Berg, Jan A. K. W. Kiel, Peter A. Jekel, Dick B. Janssen, Jack T. Pronk, Ida J. Van der Klei, Jean-Marc Daran*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Activation of the cephalosporin side-chain precursor to the corresponding CoA-thioester is an essential step for its incorporation into the P-lactam backbone. To identify an acyl-CoA ligase involved in activation of adipate, we searched in the genome database of Penicillium chrysogenum for putative structural genes encoding acyl-CoA ligases. Chemostat-based transcriptome analysis was used to identify the one presenting the highest expression level when cells were grown in the presence of adipate. Deletion of the gene renamed aclA, led to a 32% decreased specific rate of adipate consumption and a threefold reduction of adipoyl-6-aminopenicillanic acid levels, but did not affect penicillin V production. After overexpression in Escherichia coli, the purified protein was shown to have a broad substrate range including adipate. Finally, protein-fusion with cyan-fluorescent protein showed co-localization with microbody-borne acyl-transferase. Identification and functional characterization of aclA may aid in developing future metabolic engineering strategies for improving the production of different cephalosporins. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2010

Keywords

  • Penicillium chrysogenum
  • Acyl-coenzyme A ligase
  • Adipic acid
  • Cephem antibiotics
  • Chemostat-based transcriptomics
  • Microbody
  • ISOPENICILLIN-N-ACYLTRANSFERASE
  • BETA-LACTAM PRODUCTION
  • ASPERGILLUS-NIDULANS
  • STREPTOMYCES-CLAVULIGERUS
  • COA LIGASE
  • DELTA-(L-ALPHA-AMINOADIPYL)-L-CYSTEINYL-D-VALINE SYNTHETASE
  • MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION
  • CONTINUOUS CULTIVATIONS
  • ACREMONIUM-CHRYSOGENUM
  • BIOSYNTHETIC-PATHWAY

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