The Recent Developments in Biobased Polymers toward General and Engineering Applications: Polymers that Are Upgraded from Biodegradable Polymers, Analogous to Petroleum-Derived Polymers, and Newly Developed

Hajime Nakajima, Peter Dijkstra, Katja Loos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

208 Citations (Scopus)
1199 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The main motivation for development of biobased polymers was their biodegradability, which is becoming important due to strong public concern about waste. Reflecting recent changes in the polymer industry, the sustainability of biobased polymers allows them to be used for general and engineering applications. This expansion is driven by the remarkable progress in the processes for refining biomass feedstocks to produce biobased building blocks that allow biobased polymers to have more versatile and adaptable polymer chemical structures and to achieve target properties and functionalities. In this review, biobased polymers are categorized as those that are: (1) upgrades from biodegradable polylactides (PLA), polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), and others; (2) analogous to petroleum-derived polymers such as bio-poly(ethylene terephthalate) (bio-PET); and (3) new biobased polymers such as poly(ethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate) (PEF). The recent developments and progresses concerning biobased polymers are described, and important technical aspects of those polymers are introduced. Additionally, the recent scientific achievements regarding high-spec engineering-grade biobased polymers are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number523
Number of pages26
JournalPolymers
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18-Oct-2017

Keywords

  • biobased polymers
  • biodegradable polymers
  • polylactides (PLA)
  • poly(hydroxy alkanoates) (PHAs)
  • bio-poly(ethylene terephthalate) (bio-PET)
  • poly(ethylene 2
  • 5-furandicarboxylate) (PEF)
  • biobased polyamides
  • succinate polymers
  • polyterpenes
  • modified lactide
  • RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • RENEWABLE RESOURCES
  • 2,5-FURANDICARBOXYLIC ACID
  • CHAIN-LENGTH
  • POLY(LIMONENE CARBONATE)
  • POLY(BUTYLENE SUCCINATE)
  • RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
  • DIRECT ESTERIFICATION
  • ALIPHATIC POLYESTERS

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