The relative lens-source proper motion in MACHO 98-SMC-1

MD Albrow*, JP Beaulieu, JAR Caldwell, DL DePoy, M Dominik, BS Gaudi, A Gould, J Greenhill, K Hill, S Kane, R Martin, J Menzies, KR Pollard, PD Sackett, KC Sahu, P Vermaak, R Watson, A Williams, RW Pogge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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We present photometric and spectroscopic data for the second microlensing event seen toward the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), MACHO 98-SMC-1. The lens is a binary. We resolve the caustic crossing and find that the source took 2 Delta t = 8.5 hr to transit the caustic. We measure the source temperature T-eff = 8000 K both spectroscopically and from the color, (V-I)(0) similar to 0.22. We find two acceptable binary-lens models. In the first, the source crosses the caustic at phi = 43 degrees.2 and the unmagnified source magnitude is I-s = 22.15. The angle implies that the lens crosses the source radius in time t* = Delta t sin phi = 2.92 hr. The magnitude (together with the temperature) implies that the angular radius of the source is theta* = 0.089 mu as. Hence, the proper motion is mu theta*/t* = 1.26 km s(-1) kpc(-1). For the second solution, the corresponding parameters are phi = 30 degrees.6, I-s = 21.81, t* = 2.15 hr, theta* = 0.104 mu as, and mu = theta*/t* = 2.00 km s(-1) kpc(-1). Both proper-motion estimates are slower than 99.5% of the proper motions expected for halo lenses. Both are consistent with an ordinary binary lens moving at similar to 75-120 km s(-1) within the SMC itself. We conclude that the lens is most likely in the SMC proper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)672-677
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20-Feb-1999


  • binaries, visual
  • Galaxy, halo
  • gravitational lensing
  • Magellanic Clouds
  • DARK
  • HALO
  • MAPS

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