The role of self-efficacy in work participation of people with ASD

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Abstract

Participating in the workforce is not obvious for people with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Only 25 to 30 percent have paid jobs (Holwerda, van de Klink, de Boer, Groothoff & Brouwer, 2013, Shattuck et al., 2012). This research focuses on the role of self-efficacy in the work participation of individuals with ASD. Among the participants (19 to 26 years) the ADOS-2 as well as a semi-structured interview has been conducted to collect the data. The ADOS-2 scores were used to determine if participants were placed in the ASD classification or not. The semi-structured interview focuses on the experiences of the participants that have influence on their daily social participation.The semi-structured interview data provides more detailed insight on how the participant experienced aspect that influences social participation. This research shows a higher chance of self-efficacy of individuals with ASD if their role models (especially parents) have a positive attitude towards work. In addition, the participants in this study exerted their own strengths and not their weaknesses. This means that the self-efficacy of the participants is influenced positively by their successes and skills that they control, and only are influenced to a lower extent negatively by their failures and skills that they do not control. The negative reinforcement also, hardly causes a negative influence of the selfefficacy. Individuals with an ASD diagnosis seem to have a higher self-efficacy compared to the individuals with subclinical symptoms of ASD. Finally, since the concept, of self-efficacy, is not measured as such, it cannot be concluded whether the self-efficacy influences work participation.
Translated title of the contributionThe role of self-efficacy in work participation of people with ASD
Original languageDutch
PublisherScience Shop, University of Groningen
Number of pages42
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2018

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