The role of self-efficacy in work participation of people with ASD

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Participating in the workforce is not obvious for people with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Only 25 to 30 percent have paid jobs (Holwerda, van de Klink, de Boer, Groothoff & Brouwer, 2013, Shattuck et al., 2012). This research focuses on the role of self-efficacy in the work participation of individuals with ASD. Among the participants (19 to 26 years) the ADOS-2 as well as a semi-structured interview has been conducted to collect the data. The ADOS-2 scores were used to determine if participants were placed in the ASD classification or not. The semi-structured interview focuses on the experiences of the participants that have influence on their daily social participation.The semi-structured interview data provides more detailed insight on how the participant experienced aspect that influences social participation. This research shows a higher chance of self-efficacy of individuals with ASD if their role models (especially parents) have a positive attitude towards work. In addition, the participants in this study exerted their own strengths and not their weaknesses. This means that the self-efficacy of the participants is influenced positively by their successes and skills that they control, and only are influenced to a lower extent negatively by their failures and skills that they do not control. The negative reinforcement also, hardly causes a negative influence of the selfefficacy. Individuals with an ASD diagnosis seem to have a higher self-efficacy compared to the individuals with subclinical symptoms of ASD. Finally, since the concept, of self-efficacy, is not measured as such, it cannot be concluded whether the self-efficacy influences work participation.
Translated title of the contributionThe role of self-efficacy in work participation of people with ASD
Original languageDutch
PublisherScience Shop, University of Groningen
Number of pages42
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2018

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