The lantibiotic lacticin 481 is a bacteriocin produced by Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis. This polypeptide contains 27 amino acids, including the unusual residues dehydrobutyrine and the thioether-bridging lanthionine and 3-methyllanthionine. Lacticin 481 belongs to a structurally distinct group of lantibiotics, which also include streptococcin A-FF22, salivaricin A and variacin. Here we report the first complete structure of this type of lantibiotic. The exact location of the thioether bridges in lacticin 481 was determined by a combination of peptide chemistry, mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy, showing connections between residues 9 and 14, 11 and 25, and 18 and 26.
- Mass spectrometry
- Cyanogen bromide cleavage
- Post-translational modification
- Lanthionine-containing polypeptide