The temporal order of changes in physical activity and subjective sleep in depressed versus nondepressed individuals: Findings From the MOOVD Study

Mara E. J. Bouwmans*, Nicole A. M. Oude Oosterik, Elisabeth H. Bos, Izaaek W. de Groot, Albertine J. Oldehinkel, Peter de Jonge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Epidemiological studies have shown an association between physical activity and sleep, but it is unclear what the temporal order of this association is and whether it differs for depressed patients and healthy controls. Using a multiple repeated observations design, 27 depressed and 27 pair-matched nondepressed participants completed daily measurements of subjective sleep quality and duration during 30 consecutive days while an accelerometer continuously registered their physical activity. Changes in sleep duration, not quality, predicted next-day changes in physical activity (B = -0.21, p <.001), but not the other way around. Significant heterogeneity between individuals was observed, but the effect was not different for depressed and nondepressed participants. The findings underline the strength of a multiple repeated observations design in observational sleep research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-168
Number of pages15
JournalBehavioral sleep medicine
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • SELF-REPORTED SLEEP
  • ENERGY-EXPENDITURE
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • MAJOR DEPRESSION
  • EXERCISE
  • ASSOCIATION
  • DISORDER
  • INSOMNIA
  • QUALITY

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